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在Cisco路由器上配置RIPng路由协议

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满天星 发表于 2010-8-20 23:25:27 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
在Cisco路由器上配置RIPng路由协议
     下面我们将以Cisco路由器为例来演示如何配置IPv6下的RIPng路由协议,本次实验采用三台Router,router1.ipv6bbs.cn、router2.ipv6bbs.cn、router3.ipv6bbs.cn均运行RIPng路由协议,每台Router上均起一个Loopback1接口,发布至RIPng路由协议中。具体的组网图如下所示:
   
实验组网图与IPv6地址分配

    各设备的接口IPv6地址地址与接口编号请对照下图查看:
   



配置思路与流程说明:

  • 在每台设备上开启IPV6功能:ipv6 unicast-routing
  • 在每台设备上创建RIPng进程号100:ipv6 router  rip   100
  • 在相应接口下开启IPv6:ipv6 enable,并配置IPv6地址:ipv6 address  1::1/128
  • 在相应的接口下使能RIPng路由协议:ipv6 rip 100 enable



router1.ipv6bbs.cn的配置步骤:

router1.ipv6bbs.cn con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router1.ipv6bbs.cn>
router1.ipv6bbs.cn>enable
router1.ipv6bbs.cn#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#ipv6 router rip  100
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-rtr)#exit
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#interface loopback1
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
*Aug 18 21:39:56.047: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up
*Aug 18 21:39:57.047: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 enable
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 address  1::1/128
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 rip 100 enable
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#exit
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#interface gigabitEthernet 0/0
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 enable
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 address 1002::1/64
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 rip 100 enable
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#no shutdown
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
*Aug 18 21:41:12.455: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up
*Aug 18 21:41:13.455: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up
router1.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#



router2.ipv6bbs.cn的配置步骤:

router2.ipv6bbs.cn con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router2.ipv6bbs.cn>
router2.ipv6bbs.cn>enable
router2.ipv6bbs.cn#config t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#ipv6 router rip  100
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-rtr)#exit
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#interface loopback1
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
*Aug 18 21:42:29.287: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 enable
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 address 2::2/128
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 rip 100 enable
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#exit
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#interface gigabitEthernet  0/0
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 enable
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 address 1002::2/64
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 rip 100 enable
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#no shutdown
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
*Aug 18 21:44:07.651: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up
*Aug 18 21:44:08.651: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
*Aug 18 21:44:10.399: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 1.1.1.1 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#exit
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#interface gigabitEthernet  1/0
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 enable
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6  address 2003::1/64
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 rip 100 enable
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#no shutdown
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
*Aug 18 21:44:58.571: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up
*Aug 18 21:44:59.571: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet1/0, changed state to up
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#exit
router2.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#



router3.ipv6bbs.cn的配置步骤:

router3.ipv6bbs.cn con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.

router3.ipv6bbs.cn>
router3.ipv6bbs.cn>en
router3.ipv6bbs.cn#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#ipv6 unicast-routing
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#ipv6 router rip  100
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-rtr)#exit
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#interface loopback1
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
*Aug 18 21:46:54.855: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Loopback1, changed state to up
*Aug 18 21:46:55.855: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Loopback1, changed state to up
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 enable
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 address 3::3/128
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 rip 100 enable
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#exit
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config)#interface gigabitEthernet  0/0
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 enable
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6 address 2003::2/64
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#ipv6  rip 100 enable
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#no shutdown
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#
*Aug 18 21:48:03.763: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up
*Aug 18 21:48:04.763: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up
*Aug 18 21:48:06.731: %OSPFv3-5-ADJCHG: Process 100, Nbr 2.2.2.2 on GigabitEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done
router3.ipv6bbs.cn(config-if)#^Z
router3.ipv6bbs.cn#


查看各设备IPv6路由表与RIPng的database

所有设备之间的RIPng路由协议已按照组网图配置完毕,我们可以在router1.ipv6bbs.cn上查看RIPng的database,
并查看IPv6路由表,也能学到router2.ipv6bbs.cn与router3.ipv6bbs.cn上面的loopback接口,
ping  router3.ipv6bbs.cn上面的loopback接口ipv6地址,均能正常通讯

router1.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 rip database
RIP process "100", local RIB
2::2/128, metric 2, installed
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs
3::3/128, metric 3, installed
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs
1002::/64, metric 2
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs
2003::/64, metric 2, installed
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 174 secs
router1.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 route
IPv6 Routing Table - default - 7 entries
Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, U - Per-user Static route
       B - BGP, M - MIPv6, R - RIP, I1 - ISIS L1
       I2 - ISIS L2, IA - ISIS interarea, IS - ISIS summary, D - EIGRP
       EX - EIGRP external, ND - Neighbor Discovery
       O - OSPF Intra, OI - OSPF Inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2
       ON1 - OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 - OSPF NSSA ext 2
LC  1::1/128 [0/0]
     via Loopback1, receive
R   2::2/128 [120/2]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0
R   3::3/128 [120/3]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0
C   1002::/64 [0/0]
     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected
L   1002::1/128 [0/0]
     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive
R   2003::/64 [120/2]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0
L   FF00::/8 [0/0]
     via Null0, receive
router1.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 route rip
IPv6 Routing Table - default - 7 entries
Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, U - Per-user Static route
       B - BGP, M - MIPv6, R - RIP, I1 - ISIS L1
       I2 - ISIS L2, IA - ISIS interarea, IS - ISIS summary, D - EIGRP
       EX - EIGRP external, ND - Neighbor Discovery
       O - OSPF Intra, OI - OSPF Inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2
       ON1 - OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 - OSPF NSSA ext 2
R   2::2/128 [120/2]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0
R   3::3/128 [120/3]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0
R   2003::/64 [120/2]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0
router1.ipv6bbs.cn#
router1.ipv6bbs.cn#ping ipv6 3::3

Type escape sequence to abort.
Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 3::3, timeout is 2 seconds:
.!!!!
Success rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 272/508/852 ms
router1.ipv6bbs.cn#


查看router2.ipv6bbs.cn上面的RIPng database与IPv6路由表:

router2.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 rip database
RIP process "100", local RIB
1::1/128, metric 2, installed
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 166 secs
3::3/128, metric 2, installed
     GigabitEthernet1/0/FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, expires in 170 secs
1002::/64, metric 2
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, expires in 166 secs
2003::/64, metric 2
     GigabitEthernet1/0/FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, expires in 170 secs
router2.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 route
IPv6 Routing Table - default - 8 entries
Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, U - Per-user Static route
       B - BGP, M - MIPv6, R - RIP, I1 - ISIS L1
       I2 - ISIS L2, IA - ISIS interarea, IS - ISIS summary, D - EIGRP
       EX - EIGRP external, ND - Neighbor Discovery
       O - OSPF Intra, OI - OSPF Inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2
       ON1 - OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 - OSPF NSSA ext 2
R   1::1/128 [120/2]
     via FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0
LC  2::2/128 [0/0]
     via Loopback1, receive
R   3::3/128 [120/2]
     via FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, GigabitEthernet1/0
C   1002::/64 [0/0]
     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected
L   1002::2/128 [0/0]
     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive
C   2003::/64 [0/0]
     via GigabitEthernet1/0, directly connected
L   2003::1/128 [0/0]
     via GigabitEthernet1/0, receive
L   FF00::/8 [0/0]
     via Null0, receive
router2.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 route rip
IPv6 Routing Table - default - 8 entries
Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, U - Per-user Static route
       B - BGP, M - MIPv6, R - RIP, I1 - ISIS L1
       I2 - ISIS L2, IA - ISIS interarea, IS - ISIS summary, D - EIGRP
       EX - EIGRP external, ND - Neighbor Discovery
       O - OSPF Intra, OI - OSPF Inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2
       ON1 - OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 - OSPF NSSA ext 2
R   1::1/128 [120/2]
     via FE80::C804:FF:FEE0:8, GigabitEthernet0/0
R   3::3/128 [120/2]
     via FE80::C806:2FF:FE54:8, GigabitEthernet1/0
router2.ipv6bbs.cn#


查看router3.ipv6bbs.cn上面的的RIPng database与IPv6路由表:

router3.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 rip database
RIP process "100", local RIB
1::1/128, metric 3, installed
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs
2::2/128, metric 2, installed
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs
1002::/64, metric 2, installed
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs
2003::/64, metric 2
     GigabitEthernet0/0/FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, expires in 167 secs
router3.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 route
IPv6 Routing Table - default - 7 entries
Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, U - Per-user Static route
       B - BGP, M - MIPv6, R - RIP, I1 - ISIS L1
       I2 - ISIS L2, IA - ISIS interarea, IS - ISIS summary, D - EIGRP
       EX - EIGRP external, ND - Neighbor Discovery
       O - OSPF Intra, OI - OSPF Inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2
       ON1 - OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 - OSPF NSSA ext 2
R   1::1/128 [120/3]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0
R   2::2/128 [120/2]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0
LC  3::3/128 [0/0]
     via Loopback1, receive
R   1002::/64 [120/2]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0
C   2003::/64 [0/0]
     via GigabitEthernet0/0, directly connected
L   2003::2/128 [0/0]
     via GigabitEthernet0/0, receive
L   FF00::/8 [0/0]
     via Null0, receive
router3.ipv6bbs.cn#show ipv6 route rip
IPv6 Routing Table - default - 7 entries
Codes: C - Connected, L - Local, S - Static, U - Per-user Static route
       B - BGP, M - MIPv6, R - RIP, I1 - ISIS L1
       I2 - ISIS L2, IA - ISIS interarea, IS - ISIS summary, D - EIGRP
       EX - EIGRP external, ND - Neighbor Discovery
       O - OSPF Intra, OI - OSPF Inter, OE1 - OSPF ext 1, OE2 - OSPF ext 2
       ON1 - OSPF NSSA ext 1, ON2 - OSPF NSSA ext 2
R   1::1/128 [120/3]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0
R   2::2/128 [120/2]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0
R   1002::/64 [120/2]
     via FE80::C805:FF:FEE0:1C, GigabitEthernet0/0
router3.ipv6bbs.cn#

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